If you have ever gone to Yunnan, you must have felt fascinated and impressed more than once by its stunning sights.
Situated in a mountainous area, Yunnan is a landlocked province in the southwest of the People's Republic of China. Due to the natural geographic restriction, it was a mysterious region in the ancient Chinese period and was commonly conjectured as "the South of Colorful Cloud". Arguably, geography helps to shape Yunnan's distinguishing economic and cultural society.
Yunnan is the most southwestern province in China, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its southern part. The eastern half of the province is a limestone plateau with karst scenery and unnavigable rivers flowing through deep mountain gorges; the western half is characterized by mountain ranges and rivers running north and south. These include the Nujiang (Thai: Salween) and the Lancangjiang (Thai: Mekong). The rugged, vertical terrain produces a wide range of flora and fauna, and the province has been called a natural zoological and botanical garden.
Influenced by both the Pacific and Indian ocean, Yunnan generally has a mild climate. Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, is referred to as the "City of Spring" for the warm weather here all year.
As an old Chinese saying goes, each place nurtures its own inhabitants. The natural and geographic environments make diligent and kind indigenes. Among the country's 56 recognized ethnic groups, twenty-five is found in Yunnan. Some 38% of the province population are members of ethnic minorities. Each ethnic minority has its dress and customs, living harmoniously with each other in Yunnan province.
Tourism is thriving in Yunnan province. With diversity in landscapes and minorities, Yunnan has a natural edge in developing provincial tourism. The distinctive natural views include Yulong Snow Mountains, Meili Snow Mountains, Erhai Lake, etc. The renowned cultural views are like Dali city and Lijiang city.
A "Light of Wit" Enlightens Yunnan Province
Yunnan is one of China's relatively undeveloped provinces with more poverty-stricken counties than the other provinces. In 1994, about 7 million people lived below the poverty line of less than an annual average income of 300 yuan per capita. With an input of 3.15 billion yuan in 2002, the province's absolutely poor rural population has been reduced from 4.05 million in 2000 to 2.86 million. In 2015, chairman Xi put forward "taking target measure in poverty alleviation", requiring all local governments to enforce the related policies according to the local conditions. Significant progress in poverty alleviation has Yunnan made, there were still 88 poverty-stricken counties as of the end of 2018.
In 2019, the enthusiasm for investing the CBD market reached China, boosting China's hemp industry. Yunnan province took the chance and became one of the beneficiaries.
In fact, Yunnan has a long history of hemp. Ethnic minorities are distributed in remote mountainous regions. It is difficult for them to get commodities and necessities transported inside, so they traditionally grow hemp to meet their daily demands like making clothes and ropes.
Since the enactment of the Single Convention of Narcotic Drugs in 1961, making the cannabis extracts and tinctures as Schedule I drugs, the Chinese government has hence strengthened domestic cannabis regulation.
To tackle the contradiction between the local tradition of planting hemp and violation of the cannabis regulation, since 1991, the Yunnan government has invited specialists in agriculture to cultivate the hemp strain with low THC that was deemed as the primary addictive component in cannabis (hemp). The hemp strain was successfully bred in 1998 and pass the hemp strain assessment in 2001.
In 2010, the Yunnan local government launched Yunnan Province Industrial Hemp Planting and Processing Permission, becoming the industry's milestone. Hence, the hemp planting and processing in Yunnan was acknowledged by the law (at the provincial level, not state) and had a series of rules to follow.
With the experienced hemp planting history and favorable natural environment, when such enthusiasm rose to prominence in 2019, Yunnan province was fully prepared for boosting the local hemp industry and soon became the largest base of hemp planting in China. Moreover, several municipal governments enacted policies to inspire local hemp industry development, which was set to enrich their coffers and the local inhabitants.
Although the pandemic slowed down its development in 2020, Yunnan province still gave prominence to the hemp industry. As was reported by vapebiz.com before, the foundation of Kunming International Industrial Hemp Industrial Park and Baoshan Industrial Hemp Industry Park, and the convening of The 3rd Separation Technology Forum(Kunming) was making Yunnan province becoming the focus of the hemp industry in China.
The Chinese hemp industry plays an important in the world. As the main hemp planting base in China, Yunnan province is bound to take on a new look by hitching the hemp industry's development in the future.