How you administer CBD products depends on the type of product you're using, and the administration method dictates the effects you feel from the product. Here's a rundown of some popular CBD products and how they're administered.
CBD oil is an extract from cannabis plants that contains high levels of cannabidiol. CBD oil can be ingested via vapor, as from a vape pen with a cartridge full of CBD oil. It also comes in small dropper bottles that help you measure dosages from .25 mL to 1.0 mL to take orally — more specifically sublingually, or under the tongue.
You typically place the oil under your tongue and hold for 30 seconds before swallowing. This sublingual method allows the CBD to bypass the digestive system and liver metabolism. That means the compounds avoid being broken down by enzymes and reach the bloodstream more quickly.
The taste of the yellow-hued liquid is often described as earthy or grassy. If the taste doesn't sit well with you, a chaser or rinse of water or another drink should easily cleanse your palate.
Generally, there are three types of CBD extract.
- Full spectrum extract — The unadulterated oil from the plant, which contains trace amounts of THC.
- Broad spectrum extract — This extract retains compounds in the plant but attempts to remove THC.
- Isolate extract — This type removes everything that isn't cannabidiol, creating an extract that is nearly all CBD.
You might be wondering, "Aren't CBD oil and CBD tincture the same thing?" Not exactly. Though they are both derived from hemp, the difference between the two comes down to the alcohol arrangement. Generally, CBD tinctures are made from high CBD strains of hemp, with 60 to 70% alcohol.
In the case of CBD, a mixture of alcohol and water is used to extract compounds from the cannabis plant. On the other hand, some tinctures use glycerin, vinegar or oil as the solvent, but those may lack the potency of tinctures produced with the water-alcohol extraction method.
CBD tinctures can also be ingested by mixing them in food due to the tincture's alcohol base. The possibilities for incorporation into food are numerous: You might see recipes for CBD smoothies or even chocolate chip cookies with a quick internet search for CBD recipes. You can even pick up a copy of a CBD cookbook at your local library or independent bookstore. Companies are also marketing products with CBD incorporated in them, like seltzers and sodas.
For those who dislike the taste of CBD oil or who don't enjoy vaping, CBD gummies offer a one-two-punch of candy-like consistency and fun flavor options. The options for flavors, colors, shapes and concentrations are numerous. CBD gummies are gaining popularity among CBD users because they're discreet, easy to ingest and often have an enjoyable taste.
CBD lotions and creams are applied topically to the skin to treat inflammation. That could be anything from body aches and knots, tightness, cramping and even skin irritation, such as burns or dryness.
If you're looking to relieve any of these symptoms, you might come across lotions for menstrual cramps that feature relaxing scents such as vanilla, or lotions that incorporate ginger, capsaicin and grapefruit and claim to boost circulation. This is one area of CBD that has some serious overlap in the "self-care" industry as well.
Softgels and liquid- or powder-filled CBD capsules allow you to administer CBD without any tastes or smells. Taken like any other hard (non-gummy) vitamin or pill, these capsules are a quick and easy way to consume CBD. Those who prefer this method often tout the capsule's portability and the fact you don't have to worry about daily measuring.
CBD capsules typically appear in a round or an oval shape, 10 to 15mm in diameter. Although you can find some vegan and vegetarian-friendly capsules, the capsule's shell is often made from bovine gelatin.
This article is originally published in integrisok.