When it comes to the great inventions in e-cigarette devices, many people may first think of "ceramic atomizer", "cotton atomizer" or "nicotine salts" because these subversive technologies have laid the technical foundation for the taste of the e-cigarette products.
However, if you look upon the real reasons for the popularity of electronic cigarettes, in addition to the breakthrough of atomization and e-liquid, the most important, is the "lithium battery". Because of the upgrade and application of lithium batteries, e-cigarettes have officially become accessible to the customers.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced yesterday that the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to John B. Goodenough, a professor at the University of Texas at Austin, M. Stanley Whittingham, a professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton, and Yoshino Akira, a professor at the University of Meijo, in recognition of their contribution for inventing lithium batteries.
This lightweight, rechargeable, and powerful battery has long been inseparable from life and is used by every smartphone, laptop, electronic cigarette, and other electronic devices. It can also be used to store solar and wind power, making it possible to build a society that uses zero fossil fuels. Lithium batteries also enable the development of long-distance electric vehicles from imagination to practice and for renewable energy, as well as the storage of new types of electrical energy.
It is precisely the invention of lithium batteries that make technology more accessible to the lives of the people. It not only creates great convenience in communication, work, research, entertainment, and knowledge retrieval but also its “repetitive charging” enables E-cigarette to be recycled.
The basis for the development of lithium batteries was built during the oil crisis of the 1970s.
At the time, Stanley Whittingham was working on a technology that could get rid of petroleum fuels. He began researching superconductor materials and soon discovered an extremely versatile material that he used to make cathodes for lithium batteries. It was made of titanium disulfide at the time, and at the molecular level, its internal voids can accommodate lithium ions.
However, the anode of the battery is made of metallic lithium and has a strong electron-releasing force. This creates a battery with huge potential. However, metallic lithium is active, and the risk of a battery explosion is too large to be commercially viable. So John Goodenough predicts that if a metal oxide is used instead of a metal sulfide to make the cathode, the battery will have a higher potential.
After some systematic research, in 1980, he proved that cobalt oxide embedded in lithium ions can generate voltages of up to 4 volts. This is an important breakthrough in the year, which will bring more powerful batteries to the electricity market. At the same time, when Stanley Whittingham developed the first working lithium battery, he used the enormous power of lithium to release its external electronics.
Then, based on Goodenough's cathode, Yoshino Akatsu invented the first commercially viable lithium-ion battery in 1985. Instead of using active lithium at the anode, he uses petroleum coke, a carbon material that, like the cobalt oxide of the cathode, can be inserted into lithium ions.
As a result, the researchers obtained a lightweight and durable battery that can be charged hundreds of times its exhaustion. The advantage of a lithium-ion battery is that it is not based on a chemical reaction that decomposes the electrode, but rather flows back and forth between the positive and negative electrodes based on lithium ions.
Although the development of lithium batteries in the first three years, the sales of Asahi Kasei in Yoshino Akira were very poor, as Japan continued to promote IT (, after 1991, lithium batteries have completely changed the lives of people around the world, for wireless communication. It has laid the foundation for the establishment of a society without fossil fuels and brought great commercial benefits to Japan.
Since the advent of electronic cigarettes, whether it is the traditional vape mod, or the popular interchangeable pod vape and other products, they are all inseparable from the lithium batteries. The emergence of e-cigarettes has not only changed the tobacco market and consumption habits in the past 100 years, but also changed the ecology of the tobacco manufacturing industry. The new e-cigarette industry supply chain is complementary to the energy industry.
With the word "cigarette" removed, e-cigarettes, like other mobile devices, require a tiny battery to provide energy. The electronic cigarette structure mainly involves an atomizer, a battery, other components. Among them, lithium batteries mainly use cylindrical or square batteries, accounting for 10% to 30% of the total cost of electronic cigarettes.
Pod vapes need at least 10C high rate discharge performance, and the heating ceramic atomization core power is 3A current. Therefore, in order to achieve fast charging, long cycle life, while meet the international safety specifications, miniature lithium batteries is the best choice. Almost all electronic cigarette products on the market currently use lithium-ion batteries.
Lithium batteries bring a huge vitality to the e-cigarette industry so that products can be closer to consumers' lives. Without this invention, e-cigarettes cannot become harmless products that change smoking habits in just a few years.
A small electronic cigarette is a combination of revolutionary chemical applications, new material applications, and scientific applications. Although e-cigarettes are now in controversy, environmental problems and health risks remain to be resolved, but with the Nobel Prize in Chemistry's recognition of lithium battery inventions, Vapebiz believes that e-cigarettes are well-deserved as great inventions in recent years.
Benefited from those great innovations, and Vapebiz pays us the best regards to the Nobel Prize winners!