China has cultivated cannabis (hemp) for thousands of years，and historically has been used for textiles, seeds and oil and traditional medicine.
Following its founding in 1949, the People’s Republic of China took a hard line on illegal drugs, and to this day the cultivation and use of marijuana are strictly prohibited, with traffickers in extreme cases facing the death penalty. While, in some ethnic regions where locals have historically grown hemp for their own use, were still allowed to grow a small quantity of hemp under the official acquiescence. However, China had prohibited all hemp cultivation and consumption after signing the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances in 1985.
China resumed the industrial hemp production in 2010 after recognizing its huge potential in industrial use and medical research. Hemp then was used principally for textiles, including the uniforms of the People’s Liberation Army, but soon the products expanded to cannabis extracts such as CBD and its derivatives. Yunnan province, currently, China’s biggest hemp cultivation base, where, all hemp-related activities are closely monitored by the government.
It is reported, China has produced over half of the hemp in the world in recent years, most of it was exported. Nevertheless, last month Liu Yuejin, deputy director of the National Narcotics Control Commission, said the momentum toward legalization in other countries meant the Chinese authorities would “more strictly strengthen the supervision of industrial cannabis.”
Regardless of its recreational or medical purposes, the stigma of Cannabis in China dominates public opinion that cannabis is psychoactive as prohibited drugs, making “cannabis” a taboo. However, in recent years, Chinese companies headed by the HMI Group have sprung into the international cannabis market by acquisition of international cannabis company following the legalization of cannabis in North America. China will witness Limited legalization of cannabis for industrial and medical purposes in expectable future.